اثرات صوت بر رفتار ماهی زبرا و سیکلید دریاچه ویکتوریا در شرایط آزمایشگاهی

نوع مقاله : مقاله ترویجی

نویسنده

گروه شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی ، دانشگاه گیلان، صومعه سرا، صندوق پستی 1144

چکیده

چکیده

فعالیت‌های انسانی در زیستگاه‌های خشکی و آبی به سرعت در حال افزایش است. زیستگاه‌های دریایی و آب شیرین تحت تأثیر انواع آلاینده‌های انسانی قرار می‌گیرند. شهرنشینی، گسترش حمل و نقل و صنعتی شدن به طور مداوم سطح اصوات محیط را با الگوها و طیف‌های مختلف افزایش داده اند. اصوات و ارتعاشات ناشی از فعالیت‌های انسانی، به عنوان یک منبع آلاینده محیط زیست، در همه جا و در نزدیکی زیستگاه‌های آبی فراگیر شده و به طور بالقوه ممکن است اثرات مضر برای آبزیان در سطوح فردی و اجتماعی داشته باشند. طی چند دهه گذشته، توجه عمومی، فعالیت در زمینه حفاظت و رفاه حیوانات توسط سازمان‌های غیردولتی و اکتشافات علمی جدید باعث افزایش آگاهی عمومی در مورد اثرات احتمالی اصوات بر پستانداران دریایی و گونه‌های ماهی گردیده است. در اینجا، در مجموعه‌ای از مطالعات پیوسته محقق، تأثیر قرار گرفتن در معرض صوت و ارتعاش بر رفتار ماهی زبرا (شامل رفتار‌های شناگری و شکارگری) و بررسی مقایسه‌ای پاسخ‌های رفتاری مرتبط با صوت بر رفتار شناگری و پراکنش مکانی دو گونه ماهی با توانایی شنوایی متفاوت و مختص به گونه در شرایط آزمایشگاهی بررسی گردید. اگرچه، مطالعات آزمایشگاهی و میدانی بیشتر برای نشان دادن تأثیرات احتمالی صداهای انسانی در رفتار ماهیان مورد نیاز است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Sound impacts on the behaviour of zebrafish and Lake Victoria cichlids under laboratory conditions

نویسنده [English]

  • Saeed Shafiei Sabet
Fisheries Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Sowmeh Sara, P.O.BOX 1144
چکیده [English]

Human activities are increasing rapidly in terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Marine and freshwater habitats are being affected by a variety of anthropogenic pollutants. Urbanization, transportation and industrialization have continuously increased ambient sound levels with different temporal and spectral patterns. As an environmental pollutant, anthropogenic sound is ubiquitous in, on and near aquatic habitats and potentially may have detrimental effects on aquatic animals at the individual and community level. Over the past few decades, public attention, activities in the field of conservation and animal welfare by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and scientific exploration are raising awareness of the potential effects of sounds on marine mammals and fish species. Here, in a set of continuum studies, I review the impacts of experimental sound exposure on the behaviour (swimming distribution and foraging behaviour) of zebrafish and comparative sound-related behavioural responses of two fish species with different hearing abilities under laboratory conditions. However, further laboratory and field studies are needed to show the potential impacts of anthropogenic sounds on the behaviour of fishes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Laboratory studies
  • Fish
  • biology
  • behaviour
  • sound
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